Gynecomastia is a common condition, occurring in boys and men in which there is too much breast gland tissue, causing enlarged breasts.
How gynecomastia affects different age groups
In newborns, more than half of all male babies have some degree of breast enlargement as a result of estrogen levels in the mother.
In teens, more than half have breast enlargement due to changes in hormone levels.
In adult men, breast enlargement is more common in men over 50 years old because of lowered testosterone levels.
Causes of gynecomastia
Gynecomastia is caused by a hormonal imbalance of estrogen and testosterone. Typically, there is a decrease in testosterone compared to estrogen.
Several medications can cause gynecomastia, including:
- Anabolic steroids
- Aids medications
- ADHD medications
- Tricyclic antidepressants
- Heart medications
- Medications to treat the prostate
Signs and symptoms of gynecomastia
- Swollen breasts
- Breast pain
- Nipple sensitivity
Breasts can also develop differently, with differences in the size and shape of breasts.
Diagnosis of gynecomastia
Gynecomastia is diagnosed by examination of breast tissue combined with testing to determine the cause. Recommended tests may include:
- Blood tests
- Mammogram, CT scan, or MRI
- Testicular ultrasound
- Tissue biopsy
Treatment of gynecomastia
Gynecomastia can go away on its own without treatment. If the condition is caused by an underlying medical problem, the underlying condition may be treated.
Surgery is also an option to remove breast tissue and make breasts smaller. Two types of surgery may be recommended:
- Liposuction, to remove breast fat
- Mastectomy, to remove breast gland tissue
How to cope with gynecomastia
Gynecomastia can cause significant embarrassment and loss of self-confidence and self-esteem. It may be helpful to seek out the services of a counselor to help you deal with the social stigma gynecomastia can cause. You should also seek out support from your family and friends. Support groups for men with gynecomastia are also helpful.
To find out more about gynecomastia and how your cosmetic surgeon can help you, call Dr. William Seare at Clinique Sculpture in Carlsbad, CA, at (866) 972-8578. Call today.